Bone loss (osteoporosis) occurs when the bones lose density and become weak. These changes can happen as a result of side effects of certain cancers, such as primary bone cancer or multiple myeloma. However, they can also be the result of treatment. Early menopause in women with endometrial or cervical cancer and hormonal treatments in men with prostate cancer as well as corticosteroids can have a negative effect on bone formation and lead to bone loss. Metastases of the bone usually occur from breast, prostate and lung cancers. Other factors contributing to this condition can be: heavy smoking or alcohol use, a family history of osteoporosis, steroid therapy, synthetic thyroid hormone therapy, being inactive for a long time, lack of calcium and vitamin D in your diet, and race, as people of Asian descent are more prone to this condition.
Treatment for bone loss includes medications that slow down the process as well as calcium and vitamin D supplements, weight-bearing exercises, maintaining a healthy weight and most importantly, preventing falls, since falls are the most frequent cause of fractures for survivors with osteoporosis.