Testicular Cancer starts in the cells of a testicle. A man’s reproductive system contains two testicles. These egg-shaped organs hang below the penis in a pouch of loose skin called the scrotum. The testicles are held in the scrotum by the spermatic cord. It contains the vas deferens, some lymph nodes, veins, and nerves. Cells in the testicles occasionally change and do not grow or act normally as usual. These changes may lead to non-cancerous conditions such as orchitis, epididymitis, or hydrocele. Yet, there is a higher tendency to cause cancer because of the abnormal changes to testicle cells.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer: The most common signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- Painless lump on a testicle
- Swelling of a testicle or change in the way it feels
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
- Feeling of heaviness or aching in the lower abdomen (stomach area) or scrotum
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen or neck
Other health problems can cause some of the same symptoms. Your doctor will do one or more test to make a diagnosis.
In 2020, there will be an estimated 1,150 new cases of Testicular Cancer and an estimated 35 deaths in Canada (Canadian Cancer Statistics, 2020).