Testicular Cancer starts in the cells of a testicle. A man’s reproductive system contains two testicles. These egg-shaped organs hang below the penis in a pouch of loose skin called the scrotum. The testicles are held in the scrotum by the spermatic cord. It contains the vas deferens, some lymph nodes, veins and nerves. Cells in the testicles ocaasionally change and do not grow or act normally as usual. These changes may lead to non cancerous conditions such as orchitis, epididymitis or hydrocele. Yet, there is a higher tendency to cause a cancer because of the abnormal changes to testicle cells .
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer: The most common signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- Painless lump on a testicle
- Swelling of a testicle or change in the way it feels
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
- Feeling of heaviness or aching in the lower abdomen (stomach area) or scrotum
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen or neck
Other health problems can cause some of the same symptoms. Your doctor will do one or more test to make a diagnosis.
As of June 2017, there have been an estimated 1,100 new cases of Testicular Cancer and an estimate of 45 deaths in Canada (Canadian Cancer Statistics, 2017).