Burkitt lymphoma is a very aggressive (high-grade) form of NHL which affects both children and adults. It accounts for 30 to 40 percent of all childhood lymphomas and occurs in children between the ages of five and 10 years old as well as in adults between 30 and 50 years old. This type of NHL is usually associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or the Epstein-Barr virus. The most common symptoms of Burkitt’s lymphoma are swollen lymph nodes and abdominal swelling, but it may also affect other organs, such as the eyes, ovaries, kidneys, central nervous system, and glandular tissue such as breast, thyroid, or tonsils.
Treatment for this type of lymphoma consists of intense chemotherapy and monoclonal antibody therapy, as well as stem cell transplant. Despite its aggressive nature, Burkitt’s lymphoma has an 80 percent survival rate.