Laryngeal Cancer can start anywhere in the larynx, but it most often begins in the middle part of the larynx where the vocal cords are found. Cancers that start below the vocal cords are less common.
Incidence rates of larynx cancer decreased significantly from 2001 to 2010 for both males (2.9% per year) and females (3.5% per year) which are constant percentages in the upcoming progressive years. As cancer of the larynx is most strongly associated with smoking and alcohol, declines in incidence rates reflect decreasing trends in these risk factors.
For the year 2020 1150 Canadians are projected to be diagnosed with laryngeal cancer, and 400 Canadians are expected to die of the disease (Canadian Cancer Statistics, 2020).