Cervical Cancer starts in the cervix. The cervix is the narrow, lowest portion of a women’s uterus (womb). The cervix connects the main body of the uterus to the vagina and is part of the female reproductive system. Early detection means finding a Cancer or precancerous condition at an early stage. In most cases, finding Cancer early increases the chances of successful treatment. Screening for Cervical Cancer is done by a Pap test or HPV test. Currently, screening for Cervical Cancer with the Pap test is recommended in Canada for women once they become sexually active or are between the ages of 18 and 69 or older depending on their province.
As of 2016, there has been an estimated 1,500 new cases of Cervical Cancer and an estimated 400 Cervical Cancer deaths in Canada (Canadian Cancer Statistics, 2016).